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Viewing 10 items in Grytviken 3D

A hundred years ago, commercial whaling came to South Georgia. Carl
Larsen pioneered shore based facilities to process their catch. The
industry thrived and whaling stations grew from a cluster of a few
buildings to small towns housing hundreds of workers complete with
factories, accommodation, cinemas, sports facilities, cemeteries and
churches. However, after only a few decades, the numbers of whales
dwindled and the demand for the products made from them dropped off. By
the mid-1900’s the whaling stations had largely fallen silent. Over the
subsequent years, the sub-Antarctic climate slowly broke down the
stations and with it the history and memories that went with them.

Although nothing can stop the advance of time and the ravages of the
South Georgia weather, new technologies mean that the whaling stations
and some of the stories associated with them can be captured in detail
like never before.

The Government of South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands along with
the Norwegian Directorate for Cultural Heritage commissioned New Zealand
company, Geometria, to carry out ground breaking work. Geometria used
LIDAR or laser scanning technology along with photogrammetry and drone
footage to systematically map the stations inside and out. The laser
scanning was achieved by setting up tripod mounted laser arrays within
the whaling stations and then by taking distance measurements in all
directions. This meant they were able to capture the 3D surface of the
buildings and landscapes in breathtaking detail.

A scan of a single building creates millions of data points so when the
data from all the buildings of the former whaling stations was put
together the result was one of the largest data sets of its type in the
world containing over 10 billion data points. Processing this amount of
information and putting it into a format accessible to members of the
public was no small job. A UK based company called Shadow Industries
used next generation video game rendering technology to create an
application which allowed users to navigate through the whaling station
using interactive touch screen displays. These specialist displays also
incorporate short films from interviews with former whalers and historic
photos. They have been installed in Norway, the Falkland Islands and
South Georgia.

The incredible data from the laser scans is vital to facilitate better
long-term understanding and management of the whaling stations and help
tell the story of the whaling stations history.

The stamps included in this set show some examples of the 3D datasets,
presented in anaglyph 3D. To view these stamps in 3D, red-cyan anaglyph
glasses are required. Please note that the ability to view these images
in 3D may be limited by some individuals' eyesight.

70p - Grytviken Church

Built in 1913 and consecrated on Christmas day in the same year, the
whaler’s church at Grytviken was a key feature of the whaling station.
The church is in the neo-gothic style and has a single nave and a small
library to the rear. The church fell into disrepair after the
abandonment of the station but was repaired to its former glory in the
1990’s and is now an important site for visitors.

80p - Shackleton’s Grave

Possibly the most famous resident of the Grytviken cemetery, the remains
of the explorer Ernest Shackleton were laid to rest on South Georgia in
1922 after he suffered a fatal heart attack. Although initially there
were plans to return the body of the veteran of the Imperial
Trans-Antarctic Expedition to Britain, his wife Emily requested he be
buried on South Georgia.

£1.05 - The Petrel Wreck

Built in Oslo in 1928 the 35m former whale catcher is an iconic part of
the Grytviken sky line. Powered by triple expansion coal fired steam
engines and equipped with a bow mounted harpoon gun connected to the
bridge via a cat walk, the Petrel was once cutting edge technology and
allowed whalers to capture fast moving blue and fin whales.

£1.85 - Harpoon Gun

Harpoon guns were once a common site on South Georgia. Mounted on the
bows of whale catchers, they made it possible to fire explosive harpoon
shells deep into the flesh of the whale. Sharp spikes prevented the
harpoon from sliding out and later versions of shells injected air to
keep the carcass afloat and make it easier to tow the whale back to the
ship. A graphic reminder of the whaling stations past.

Technical Details

Designer Bee Design

3D Images Geometria Ltd

Printer Cartor

Process Stochastic lithography

Perforation 13 ¼ x 13 ½ per 2cms

Stamp size 31.5 x 48mm

Sheet layout 10

Release date 10 May, 2019

Production Co-ordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd

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