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Falkland Islands Wrecks Part 1






The extraordinary voyages of 16th century seafarers transformed history
as newly-developed deep water sailing ships, equipped with the mariner’s
compass, enabled Europeans to venture beyond the horizon and scour the
oceans for new land, dreams and gold. During one such voyage in 1592, to
the Magellan Straits, the little recognized but most accomplished
navigator, John Davis, in his ship, Desire, was storm-blown under bare
poles amongst these apparently unknown and unpeopled islands. But it is
likely that the archipelago had been quietly known about for years by
the major sea powers, as an ill-defined cluster of blobs appear, vaguely
positioned near the eastern end of the Magellan Strait, on maps from
1507 onwards. Amerigo Vespucci may well have seen them from the deck of
a Portuguese ship as early as 1502.






The 700 islands, islets, rocks and reefs which comprise the Falklands
are situated some 315 nautical miles down-wind and down-stream from Cape
Horn. Battered by frequent gales and surrounded by strong currents, the
Islands have always provided both peril and sanctuary for the seafarer.
Over 180 ships are known to have met their end in the wild seas which
surround the Falklands. Without doubt there will have been others which
sank without trace.






During the 1850’s there was a sudden upsurge in sea-borne traffic around
Cape Horn. Vessels trading in Californian and Australian gold, Chilean
copper and Peruvian guano began calling into Stanley for repair and
provisions. The nearest alternative port was Montevideo a thousand miles
to the north. Some ships attempting to round the Horn were overloaded,
some unseaworthy, and others simply unlucky. Many suffered severe
battering and, riding the prevailing westerlies, limped back into
harbour to lick their wounds. A few lame ducks never recovered. Others
were deliberately wrecked and their cargoes sold by unscrupulous
dealers. The growing port gained a notorious reputation and a flock of
worn-out windjammers. Several are still stuck in the Stanley harbour
mud. But time and tide and two pernicious sea worms, the teredo and the
gribble, have hastened their demise and in many cases their crumbling
woodwork has all but disappeared.






This issue depicts some of those vessels which finished their days
beached along the Falklands’ shorelines. They remain an integral part of
the Islands’ history and a reminder of the salty men who sailed in them.






Charles Cooper






Built by William Hall of Black Rock, Connecticut and launched on 11th
November 1856, the 850 ton fully-rigged ship Charles Cooper was a fine
example of American deep-water, wooden, merchant ship-building. She was
built as a packet ship – the packets being vessels that ran to a fixed
schedule, rather than sailing only when full. She would have been able
to carry more than 250 passengers and 3,500 barrels of cargo. During her
first voyage from New York – Antwerp – New York her mixed cargo included
tobacco, flour, cotton, rice, resin, coffee, lard, codfish, beeswax,
mahogany and logwood. On 1st June 1866, the “Cooper” set sail from
Philadelphia. Bound for San Francisco with a cargo of coal, she
encountered bad weather rounding Cape Horn and limped into Stanley
Harbour on 25th September of the same year. Her condition was described
in the Colonial Shipping Register as being “leaky and in need of
repairs”. She was condemned as unseaworthy and never sailed again. The
Charles Cooper was sold for use as a storage hulk and was grounded
alongside the Acteon at the now defunct West Jetty where she served as a
warehouse until the 1960s. In 1968 the “Cooper” was bought by South
Street Seaport Museum of New York who hoped to transport the ship
“home”. When it became evident that this would be too expensive, the
ship was returned to Falklands ownership and eventually given into the
care of the Museum. In 2003 a small local team removed the rotting
remains of the hulk of the Charles Cooper from Stanley Harbour as she
was deemed a hazard to shipping. At the present time she rests onshore
close to the Airport Road to the east of Stanley.






Acteon






The 561-ton Canadian barque Acteon arrived on 22nd January 1853 under
the command of Captain Robertson. 156 days out from Liverpool and bound
for San Francisco laden with coal, she put back into Stanley after
failing to round Cape Horn and was subsequently scuttled after survey.






Capricorn



The bones of the 390-ton wooden barque Capricorn are still visible close
to site of the old Beaver floatplane hangar along Ross Road West in
Stanley. She was built in Swansea for the copper ore trade in 1859. In
February 1882, outbound from South Wales, her cargo of coal ignited in
heavy weather off Cape Horn. She hastened to Staten Island where she was
scuttled in shallow water to dowse the blaze. After being pumped out and
re-floated she made sail for Stanley whereupon she was condemned as
unseaworthy. She gained various employments as a lighter, storage hulk
and finally a jetty head for the military garrison during the Second
World War. Capricorn was stripped for firewood in 1948. At 157 years of
age she continues to earn her keep as a part-time tourist attraction.






Afterglow






The Afterglow was a steam drifter in Lowestoft in 1918. She arrived in
the Islands in 1921 as a fur seal rookery protection vessel. From
1927-38 she became the Port Richards and was used as a sealer. She
reverted back to her maiden name and became HMS Afterglow when she was
requisitioned by the Royal Navy as an armed patrol vessel in 1940. HMS
Afterglow sustained damage in the shallow and treacherous Reef Channel
at Saunders Island and, as a consequence, was laid up in Stanley
Harbour. Finally she dragged ashore in a gale. Her remains can today be
seen on the beach close to the Stanley Market Garden.



Text by Tony Chater.






Technical details:-



Photography Tony Chater



Printer Cartor Security Printing



Process Lithography



Perforation 13 ¼ x 13 per 2 cms



Stamp size 38 x 30.6mm



Sheet Layout 10



Release date 27 March, 2017



Production Co-ordination Creative Direction (Worldwide) Ltd








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